First frame: Knives are seen here and in the next frame begin to disappear
Second frame: Knives are already disappearing
In this image, again the knife is gone from Ahmad's hand
The terrorists look for a victim on the street while carrying knives.
00:00 to 00:23
The terrorists abandon their chase after their first victim and look for a Jewish victim.
Black square appears drawn in to cover up the hand of the first boy and also cover over the strongest section of shadow casting that would indicate a knife presence were a knife present.
A Jewish boy leaves a candy store and gets on his bicycle.
The terrorists see the boy, stab him in the neck and critically wound him.
Bike with man leaves the scene at 04:46 according to the Israeli video and by 05:05 a dark shadow is highlighted as the attempted stabbing. However there is no evidence of the youth(s) being present or who was actually injured/stabbed.
At 04:26 on the Israeli video, a young child in a green shirt is beside the man who on the bike leaves the store, however around 05:41 on the same Israeli video, the young child in the green shirt walks out normally, but the Israeli Ministry is highlighting something else as going on – the stabbing.
06:36 the child suddenly runs back into the store.
One of the terrorists sees police officers, and runs towards them with a knife, attempting to hurt them.
05:48 to 07:48
It is possible that he hears shouting as Hassan turns his head to the left and sees the Israeli border police who are outside of the video picture.
Hassan then turns his body to the left and motions to the boarder police to look in the direction he is pointing. The boarder police come into the picture. Hassan’s pointing action is not a knife.
Hassan walks briskly towards the officers with his arms moving up into the surrender position
The Israeli border police start shooting where shots are seen impacting the ground at 09:04-09:05.
At 9:07 Hassan falls to the pavement as he has been shot to the head.
Shots continue until 09:17 where it is observed that there is no knife on the ground or falling from Hassan’s hand during that period.
The Israeli border police are trained in these scenarios, where their first action after disabling a suspect with a weapon when approaching, would be to kick the weapon away. Clearly this does not happen.
07:48 to 10:29
Black square added to video that appears drawn in to cover up the hand of the first boy and also cover the strongest section of the shadow casting that would indicate a knife presence, if there were a knife.
00:48 “Give him a bullet in the head, the son of a whore!”
00:58. “They should be murdered!”
01:22 and 01:24 “Give him one in the head! Give it to him!” (Meaning bullet).
01:27 “Did they shoot him, the son of a whore?” And the individual holding the camera reassures him “They shot him, they shot him.”
01:48 “Give him one in the head! Give it to him.”
02:04 “Give him one in the head. Do me a favor, give it to him.”
“Thirteen-year-old Ahmed Manasrah, who was run over by a car (by who?) and beaten with sticks and metal pipes, then deprived of any medical care for 25 minutes. The Israelis claimed he tried to attack their soldiers, but video recordings show otherwise. Instead, he is seen lying on the ground, bleeding and calling for help.”
Articles 1 through 54
Obligations of States failing to protect Palestinian children from Israel
· Article 2: Non-discrimination
· Article 3: Best interests
· Article 6: Right to life and optimum development
· Article 12: Participation
Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War
Part I – General Provisions
Part II – General Protection of Populations against Certain Consequences of War
Part III – Status and Treatment of Protected Persons
Sections 1, II, and III
Articles 1 through 78
Laws of Armed Conflict (LAOC), 4 Basic Principles
Article 1, Distinction: “In order to ensure respect for and protection of the civilian population and civilian objects, the Parties to the conflict shall at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants and between civilian objects and military objectives and accordingly shall direct their operations only against military objectives.”
4th Geneva Conventions, August 1949
Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977.
Article 48: The only legitimate object of attack in an armed conflict is military personnel or property. This does not mean that civilians cannot be legally harmed or killed under the law only that civilians and civilian property should not be the object or the purpose of the attack.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Laws of Armed Conflict
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
The Rome Statute
For the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field
Chapter II: Wounded and the Sick
Part III – Status and Treatment of Protected Persons
Sections III: Article 50
Rule 47. Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
Rule 47. Attacking persons who are recognized as hors de combat is prohibited. A person hors de combat is:
(a) anyone who is in the power of an adverse party;
(b) anyone who is defenceless because of unconsciousness, shipwreck, wounds or sickness; or
(c) anyone who clearly expresses an intention to surrender;
provided he or she abstains from any hostile act and does not attempt to escape.
Article 3. Military Necessity:“…[E]very injury done to the enemy, even though permitted by the rules, is excusable only so far as it is absolutely necessary; everything beyond that is criminal.”
Article 4, Unnecessary Suffering: “It is prohibited to employ weapons, projectiles and materials and methods of warfare of a nature to cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering.”
Additional Protocol I, Article 35.2
Article 1 common to the Geneva Conventions, i.e. states’ obligation to “ensure respect” for international humanitarian law and Article 89 of Additional Protocol I
Obligation to investigate
Rule 158. Prosecution of War Crimes
Rule 158. States must investigate war crimes allegedly committed by their nationals or armed forces, or on their territory, and, if appropriate, prosecute the suspects. They must also investigate other war crimes over which they have jurisdiction and, if appropriate, prosecute the suspects.
UN Convention Against Torture, 1984
“I will prescribe regimens for the good of my patients according to my ability and my judgment” and “to never deliberately do harm to anyone, for anyone else’s interest.”
Ethical principles of beneficence and non-maleficence.
UN Convention Against Torture
Applies to medical personnel, in addition to law enforcement officers, military personnel, politicians, and other persons acting in an official capacity; also prohibits the use of torture under any circumstance.
Under Article 2(2): No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification of torture.
The UN Principles of Medical Ethics relevant to the Role of Health Personnel, particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (UN.1982) applies specifically to medical and other health workers but it has no implementation mechanism to ensure enforcement. It is up to state, provincial, and national bodies to enforce the standards in the document.
· Verbally abused
· Threatened with violence
· Threatened with death
· Physically abused
Convention (IV): Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War
Section II: Final Provisions
Annex I. Draft Agreement Relating to Hospital and Safety Zones and Localities
Chapter II: Places of Internment
Chapter IX: Penal and Disciplinary Sanctions
· Handcuffed 24/7
· Denied food
· Washroom facilities
· Abusive language
· Physical assault including spitting
Physical assault including spitting
Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War
Children: Article 50
The Occupying Power shall not hinder the application of any preferential measures in regard to food, medical care and protection against the effects of war, which may have been adopted prior to the occupation in favour of children under fifteen years, expectant mothers, and mothers of children under seven years.
· Instruction on rights UN-CRC
· Access to family
· Access to lawyer
· To stay in EJ
Rights as an [illegal] detainee
Section IV – Regulations for the Treatment of Internees
Chapters 1 through 12
Section J. Compelling accused persons to testify against themselves or to confess guilt
Geneva Convention III
Article 99: No moral or physical coercion may be exerted on a prisoner of war in order to induce him to admit himself guilty of the act of which he is accused.
Additional Protocol I, Article 75(4)(f): No one shall be compelled to testify against himself or to confess guilt.
Additional Protocol II, Article 6(2)(f): [N]o one shall be compelled to testify against himself or to confess guilt.
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1969
Article 14(3)(g): Everyone is entitled to the following minimum guarantees, in full equality: … not to be compelled to testify against himself or to confess guilt.
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Article 40(2)(b)(iv): Every child alleged as or accused of having infringed the penal law has at least the following guarantees: … not to be compelled to give testimony or to confess guilt.
Article 55(1)(a): In respect of an investigation under this Statute, a person … shall not be compelled to incriminate himself or herself or to confess guilt.
Article 67(1): In the determination of any charge, the accused shall be entitled … to the following minimum guarantees, in full equality:
… (g) Not to be compelled to testify or to confess guilt and to remain silent, without such silence being a consideration in the determination of guilt or innocence.
Body of Principles:
Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment
Principle 21: It shall be prohibited to take undue advantage of the situation of a detained or imprisoned person for the purpose of compelling him to confess, to incriminate himself otherwise or to testify against any other person.
ILC Draft Code:
Crimes against the Peace &Z Security of Mankind, 1991
Article 8(h) provides that an individual charged with a crime against the peace and security of mankind has the right “not to be compelled to testify against himself or to confess guilt”.
Translation fabricated to mislead public
Prosecutorial, Police misconduct
Selective, Malicious prosecution
Abuse of process
Spoliations of evidence
Geneva Conventions (1949)
Article 49 of the 1949 Geneva Convention I
Article 50 of the 1949 Geneva Convention II
Article 129 of the 1949 Geneva Convention III and
Article 146 of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV
Additional Protocol I: Article 85(1)
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